After Lenin realized that War Communism was not helping the country recover, the country began to second guess how communism was being run. Because of this, Lenin brought in the NEP. The NEP was the New Economic Policy where Lenin allowed private trade to happen, peasants could sell surplus, and small factories could be bought for a private co-ownership. The result of this was that some parts of the industry even began to recover under this policy. When Lenin died in Jan. 1924, a power struggle rose up between Trotsky and Stalin. The struggle was between either focusing on heavy industry or consumer goods. Eventually, Stalin "won" and the focus of industry began. Although there was a focus on industry, the levels of production were low and so was the motivation of the worker to make more, and of better quality. It was a good attempt at modernizing Russia, but I don't think that it was that successful.
There are many differences between these two revolutions. The February (March) Revolution was during WWI. Russia wasn't doing so well at the time. The revolution began because of lack of food, leading to riots and strikes in Petrograd (aka St. Petersburg). Because of this, the Tsar royal family was abdicated. The Tsar was then replaced by provisional government and the Petrograd Soviet, creating a diarchy. Both factions wanted to keep fighting in WWI, which wasn't favored. The October (November) Revolution started by
The film, "Enemy At the Gates" is set at The Battle of Stalingrad in Russia. Russia and Germany were both fighting for this area, knowing that this is the "battle that will change everything." If Germany were to be successful in taking Stalingrad, then all of Russia would be in Germany's control. Jude Law, one of the main characters, plays a soldier Vasily Zaytsev for the Russians. During the movie, he becomes part of the sniper division (thanks to his teachings from his grandfather). Because of his skills in the filed,commissioner Danilov (Joseph Fiennes) claims Vasily as a hero and that becomes a part of German propaganda. However, German Major Erwin König (Ed Harris) is ordered to take down Vasily, which would in turn ruin Vasily's image as a hero and ruin Russian propaganda. Yet, at the end of the movie, Vasily ends up killing König. Although I found it hard to become interested in the movie at first, by the end of the movie I really enjoyed it.