Richard Nixon and Detente
- Elected as 37th President in 1968
- Promised to end Vietnam War
- Pulled troops but increased bombing campaign, implemented Vietnamization
- Began a policy of Detente to lessen Cold War tensions
- Resigned after being implemented in Watergate Scandal, 1972
Reasons why US sought detente:
- Nuclear and Strategic Parity - The Russians had caught the US in most military areas (caused them to want to think of their other options)
- Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty - limit the spread of nuclear weapons, Signed by Johnson in 1968 (france and China do not sign it)
- Many like Henry Kissinger, felt detente was just a new form of containment
- German for "east politics"
- Western German leader, Willy Brandt wished to united the Germanys
- Wanted improved relations between the two
- 1972 a Basic Treaty was signed with East Germany
- Accused of selling out to the communist East Germany, other see it as another detente move
Richard Nixon ran on a peace platform, promising to end the war in Vietnam. Even though he did pull out some troops he increased the bombing campaign. His administration started the détente policy.