The Truman Doctrine and Marshall Plan
Division of Germany and Berlin
- Potsdam conference had decided the division of Germany
- Divided into 4 occupation zones under control of Allied Control Council
- 1947 US and GB join their zones (France joins in 1948 to from West Germany (1949) (Federal Republic of Germany led by Konrad Adenhauer)
- Stalin forms East Germany with his zone the same year (Germany Democratic Republic GDR)
- Implemented when GB decided to pull out of Greece
- $400mill pledged to Greece and Turkey to prevent expansion of Communism
- Became the mantra from American policy throughout the world to stop the spread of Communism
- "Line in the Sand"
- George C. Marshall, secretary of state proposed aid to rebuild western Europe
- Sixteen nations applied for the aid to be handed out over 14 years
- Also helped limit expansion of Communism
- The US government blocked the aid until Czechoslovakia was taken over in 1948
Germany was divided into four parts. The Truman Doctrine was intended to be used as a doctrine of containment (to stop the spread of communism) and became a mantra for American policy throughout the world. The United States assisted both Greece and Turkey economically. The Marshall Plan was also intended to stop the spread of communism by showing democratic support; 16 Western Europe nations applied for aid, including some that remained neutral throughout the war.